What are Stem Cells?
Best Stem Cells For Spinal Cord Injury Treatment
The most commonly used MSCs are those derived from the umbilical cord. This is due to:
- Their relative prematurity, which makes them more likely to differentiate.
- The reduced risk of rejection, allergic reaction or Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD).
- The higher quantities of MSCs in the umbilical cord compared to other sources.
- The lesser number of ethical issues involved with this source.
Another potential source of MSCs is the amniotic fluid. These cells are a more premature and primitive population of Mesenchymal Stem Cells. These cells possess certain properties which make them ideal for transplantation in certain neurological conditions.
How Mesenchymal Stem Cells Work
They also play a role in immune system regulation. MSCs produce molecules which are important within the immune response and healing. They have antimicrobial properties useful in killing microorganisms such as bacteria. They can regulate the whole immune system, helping to reduce inflammation, fibrosis (tissue scarring) and gliosis (changes in glial cells). They also help to initiate the repair process.
MSCs have paracine effects which means they help to regulate the action of other cells by releasing growth factors and cytokines. This promotes communication between cells and helps them to migrate towards the targeted site.
How Verita Neuro Uses Stem Cells For Spinal Cord Injury
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