What are UTIs?
- Impaired or reduced bladder capacity
- Urinary Incontinence
- Impaired bladder emptying
- Permanent or intermittent catheterization
- Poor personal hygiene
- Compromised immune system
What Are The Risks Around Spinal Cord Injury and UTIs?
Bacteremia, Septicemia and increased risk of systemic complicationsIf bacteria from a UTI enters the bloodstream it can cause a host of problems. Bacteremia, when bacteria enter the blood, can cause Septicemia if untreated, where the bacteria multiply. Septicemia is potentially fatal.
Cystitis and Kidney infectionsUTIs can also escalate into more serious infections of the urinary tract, such as cystitis (bladder inflammation) or kidney infections. If untreated, kidney infections can lead to dangerous complications such as kidney failure or septicemia, which can be fatal.
Multiple Organ FailuresSepticemia becomes fatal when it causes the organs to begin shutting down after the blood flow to them is impaired.
Acute Kidney FailureAcute kidney failure requires urgent treatment in order to prevent it from becoming fatal. Even if treated it can cause permanent damage to the kidneys, especially in patients who have pre-existing conditions.
Permanent Kidney damageFollowing kidney failure, patients can be left with permanent kidney damage. This creates a risk of the kidneys not functioning properly and leaving waste products and fluid in the body.
Treatments And Prevention
Epidural spinal cord stimulation in SCI patients has been associated with improving the neurogenic bowel function by increasing and regulating the bladder’s contractile mobility. This improves the voiding capacity of the bladder, which can reduce the risk of UTIs in these patients.
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